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Conifers

Conifers at Kirkdale NurseryWe have an extensive range of conifers available at Kirkdale Nursery and Garden Centre. The following varieties are usually available, with further conifers added regularly.

Please contact us for current availability and prices.

Abies (Fir)    Chamaecyparis    Juniperus (Juniper)    Picea (Spruce)    Pinus (Pine)    Taxus (Yew)    Miscellaneous Conifers (Cedrus, Metasequoia, Thuja and more)

To see our range of smaller Conifers (less than 1 litre pot size), please click here.

Abies

Abies cephalonica “Meyer’s Dwarf” (Meyer’s Dwarf Greek Fir)
A fairly slow and low growing fir, with emerald green foliage and a flat top. Makes an excellent addition to a large rockery, and suitable for all soil types. Prefers partial shade to full sun, but tolerant of either. Spread of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Abies Fabri (Faber’s Fir)
A rare and sought after Chinese Fir, originating from Sichuan province. Closely related to Abies Fargesii. Dark green needles with white undersides. Produces blue-black cones. Some specimens have reached heights of around 40m.

Abies Fargesii
An excellent Chinese fir. Closely related to Abies Fabri. Dense dark green foliage with glaucous underside. Produces attractive cones at maturity. Some specimens reach heights greater than 60m.

Abies koreana “Silberlocke”
A compact Korean fir, slow growing and forms a conical shape. Dark green curly needles with striking silver undersides. Produces, from a young age, fantastic green cones that gradually turn purple. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Abies lasiocarpa “Compacta”
An excellent fir, this little tree is a good choice for a feature in a small garden. Silvery blue/green needles. Grows slowly, to a height of approx. 1.5m after 10 years and reaching 3-4m at maturity after 30 years.

Abies numidia “Glauca” (Algerian Blue Fir)
A very impressive dwarf blue fir. Short and stiff green needles with striking silvery-blue stripes. Prefers light shade as well as slightly acidic and moist soil, in a sheltered area. Slow growing, reaching an eventual height of 1.5-3m.

Abies procera “Glauca Prostrata”
An attractive, low spreading fir with prostrate branches and cylindrical cones. Green/blue foliage. Suitable for rock gardens or containers. Grows to a height of 1.5m in 10 years, with a spread of around 0.5m.

Abies pinsapo
Short and stiff grey green needles. Upright growth. Scarcely available and desirable tree for an arboretum.

Abies pinsapo “Aurea” (Golden Spanish Fir)
An attractive and compact slow growing fir with. Golden needles with a touch of blue. Prefers partial shade. Grows to a height of around 1m in 10 years.

Abies pinsapo “Nana”
Sometime referred to as “Horstmann Nana”, this is a dwarf form of the Spanish Fir. Small and slow growing, at a rate of around 10 cm per year.

Abies Sibirica (Siberian Fir)
An excellent fir, light green needle-like foliage with white bands underneath. Shade tolerant, hardy and frost resistant, surviving temperatures as low as -50oC. Grows to height of up to 35m at maturity.

Abies Veitchii
Also known as “Veitch’s Silver Fir”, this tree of Japanese origin has dense, dark green needle like foliage with a striking silver underside. Smooth, light grey bark. Produces purple cones in autumn. Shade tolerant while young,Fast growing, reaching heights of up to 30m at maturity.

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Chamaecyparis

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana “Barabit’s Globe”
A nice, round and hardy plant. Dense blue foliage. Grows to a height of around 1m.

Cham. laws. “Ellwood’s Gold”
An excellent and popular columnar conifer. Green feathery foliage with golden yellow tips. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Fairly slow growing. Best in full sun and prefers all soils except those that are very wet or very dry. Grows to 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Ellwood’s Pillar”
A dwarf version of “Elwoodii”. Compact, narrow and columnar growth habit with blue-grey foliage. Perfect for tubs, containers and rockeries. Prefers sun or partial shade and tolerates any well drained soil. Height and spread of 0.5m x 0.5m, grows to 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Cham. laws.“Imbricata Pendula”
An upright growing small tree, conical in shape and native to North America. Has green, thread like foliage that hangs down up to a metre producing graceful waterfall effect. Prefers free draining soils. Should ideally be sheltered and infrequently pruned. Grows to a height of around 2m after 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Kilmacurragh”
A tall and narrow conifer with densely arranged green foliage. Grows around 4m after 10 years, with a final height of 5m and a spread of 1.5m.

Cham. laws. “Pembury Blue”
One of the best silvery blue “Lawson’s”.  A mid-sized coniferous tree with a broad conical habit. Bright silvery-blue foliage all year round. Prefers well drained soils. Grows to 2-2.5m after 10 years with a maximum height of 15m and a spread of 8m.

Cham. laws.”Minima Aurea”
A popular and attractive slow growing dwarf conifer. Compact round habit. Dense golden yellow foliage with creamy white new growth. Particularly well suited to rockeries. Prefers moist, well drained soil and full sun. Water well before planting. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Height and spread of 25cm x 25cm, reaches a height of 50cm-90cm after 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Pygmaea Argentea”
A slow growing dwarf conifer with a round habit, resembling a globe. Dark green foliage with creamy white tips. Suitable for all well drained soils and an excellent addition to a rockery. Should be grown in a sheltered position. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 60-90cm in 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Pygmy”
A slow growing dwarf conifer with a round habit, resembling a globe. Bright green foliage. Suitable for all well drained soils and an excellent addition to a rockery. Grows to a height of 60-90cm after 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Silver Threads”
A slow growing conifer with a columnar habit. Dense gold/green foliage with silver/white markings. Suitable for all well drained soils, and an excellent addition to a rockery. Requires full sun and a sheltered site. Grows to a height of 60-90cm in 10 years.

Cham. laws. “Summer Snow”
A very attractive and slow growing cone shaped conifer with grey-green foliage and creamy white tips in spring. Prefers full sun or part shade, and requires a sheltered situation. RHS award for garden merit. Ideal for small gardens, shrub or flower borders and rockeries. Grows to 1.5-2m after 10 years, with a spread of 1.5m.

Cham. laws. “Sunkist”
A fairly slow growing, broad and conical conifer with green foliage and golden yellow tips. Suitable for all free draining soils. Prefers full sunlight. Grows to a height of 1-2m after 10 years.

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Chamaecyparis nootkatensis “Green Arrow”
This tall and extremely narrow weeping tree has dark green foliage with shades of blue or grey. Grows up to 4-5m in 10 years, ultimately reaching heights of 10m or more, and is a good choice as a focal point or in small, tight areas. High resistance to Phytophthora root rot. Prefers well drained soils, but suitable for all types.

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis “Strict Weeping”
Extremely narrow weeping form with dark green foliage. Grows up to 4m in height with a spread of around 60cm. Suitable for all soil types.

Chamaecyparis obtusa “Kamarachiba”
A new variety originating from Japan, this is a dwarf spreading conifer with low growing light green/yellow foliage and orange tips. Full sun or partial shade, prefers well draining soil. Hardy to -30oC. Grows to a height of 1m and spread of 0.5m after 10 years.

Cham. obtusa “Nana Aurea”
A slow growing dwarf conifer that forms a conical bush with green foliage that changes to a fantastic range of golden shades in winter. Produces small green cones. A good choice for bonsai cultivation. Grows to a height and spread of 70cm x 50cm after 10 years, may eventually reach a height of 15m.

Cham. obtusa “Nana Gracilis”
A popular, slow-growing dwarf conifer with glossy, dark green fan-like foliage. Compact and conical growth habit. Well suited to rockeries, tubs, small gardens and bonsai cultivation. Grows to a height of 60cm-1m after 10 years.

Cham. obtusa “Saffron Spray”
Also known as the Hinoki False Cypress, this tree is considered to be sacred in Japan. Forms a small, conical and attractive bush with dark green scale-like leaves and small, light yellow flecks. Full sun or partial shade, suitable for all free draining soils but prefers moist and acidic conditions. Grows to a height of 60-90cm after 10 years.

Cham. obtusa “Tetragona Aurea” (Golden Fernleaf Cypress)
An upright conifer with fantastic golden spray-like foliage that covers the branches, may turn a bronze colour during winter. Light trimming required to keep in bounds. Full sun or partial shade, prefers moist, well drained soil. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years, reaching over 3m at maturity.

Chamaecyparis pisifera “Boulevard”
Also known as the Blue Moss Cypress, this fantastic conical conifer has excellent silvery blue foliage that is particularly intense during the summer. Perfect for small gardens, rockeries and patio containers. Full sun or partial shade, exposed sites should be avoided. Suitable for all well drained soil unless very dry or very wet. A light annual trim is recommended. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 1-1.5m after 10 years, reaching up to 2m. 

Cham. pisifera “Filifera”
A broad and conical small tree, with spreading branches and weeping green foliage. Suitable for all well drained soils. Grows to a height of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Cham. pisifera “Filifera Nana”
A fairly slow growing conifer with a compact, round and broad growth habit. Thread-like, light green and weeping foliage. Prefers full sun, a sheltered site if possible and moist, well drained soil. Well suited to containers and rockeries. Fairly slow growing, reaching a height and spread of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Cham. pisifera “Sungold”
A slow growing dwarf conifer that originates from Japan. Golden thread like foliage in winter and spring, green in summer. Should be grown in a sheltered position. Prefers moist (but not too wet) well draining soils. Spread of 0.5-1m after 10 years.

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Juniperus (Juniper)

Juniperus communis “Compressa”
A slow growing dwarf conifer, columnar in shape with blue/green foliage. Suitable for all well drained soils, ideal for rockeries and troughs. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Height and spread of 40cm x 10cm, growing up to 90 cm after 10 years.

Juniperus communis “Green Carpet”
A slow and very low growing compact conifer with light green foliage. Prefers full sun or part shade. Tolerant of most soil types, but prefers moist and well drained soils. Suitable for rock gardens and shrubbery borders. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Spread of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Juniperus communis “Hibernica” (Irish Juniper)
An attractive, fairly slow growing and upright columnar conifer. Grey/green prickly foliage. Good accent plant. Should be grown in full sun, and tolerates dry alkaline soil. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 2-3m after 10 years with a spread of just over 50cm.

Juniperus conferta “Toshio Blue”
A slow growing spreading conifer with year round turquoise blue foliage. Full sun or partial shade and prefers well-drained soils. Spread of 1m after 10 years.

Juniperus horizontalis “Blue Chip”
An excellent ground cover conifer. Year round bright silvery blue foliage with a fine texture, purple tips in winter. Prefers full sun and well drained soils. Moderate growth rate, reaching a height of around 25cm and a spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Juniperus horizontalis “Winter Blue”
A low growing conifer with a uniform growth habit and good groundcover, suitable for large areas. Light green/blue scale like foliage with shades of gold, turning a rich blue/purple in the winter. Reaches a height of around 0.5m with a spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Juniperus procumbens “Nana” (Green Mound Juniper)
A fantastic low growing dwarf conifer with dense, bright apple green foliage with bluish undersides and excellent ground coverage. Originates from Japan and Korea. Strong and spiny branches. Prefers full sun and well suited to dry soils such as chalk. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Quick growth rate, reaching an eventual height of 30cm with a spread of 1.5-2m.

Juniperus recurva var. “Coxii” (Coffin Juniper)
A very elegant and unusual small/medium sized tree with fine weeping branches and emerald green foliage. Prefers a sheltered site with full sun and a fertile loamy soil. Grows to a height of around 2m after 10 years.

Juniperus sabina “Tamariscifolia”
A popular ground covering conifer with rich dark green foliage. Initially flat and low growing before becoming mounded in the middle with cascading branches. Requires well drained soil and harmful if eaten. Spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Juniperus scopulorum “Blue Arrow”
An excellent upright silvery-blue conifer and a great accent plant. Columnar in shape and very narrow. Tolerates any well drained soils and prefers full sun or partial shade. Should be grown in an open position. Grows to a height of 2-2.5m after 10 years with a spread of around 30cm.

Juniperus squamata “Blue Carpet”
An excellent ground covering conifer with a fast spreading growth habit. Bright steely blue foliage, which is prickly and may cause skin irritation. Black fruit in all seasons. Suitable for all well drained soils. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 25cm with a spread of 2.5m after 10 years.

Juniperus squamata “Chinese Silver”
A small upright growing conifer with a weeping habit. Foliage is an intense silvery blue colour all year round. Spiny growth. Suitable for all free draining soils except clay. Full sun or partial shade. Grows to a height of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Juniperus squamata “Holger”
A small spreading conifer with dense blue/green foliage and creamy yellow new growth, producing an attractive bicolour effect. Blue/grey through winter. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Prefers full sun and suitable for all well drained soils. Water well before planting. Spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Juniperus virginiana “Blue Arrow”
An improved form of Juniperus vir. “Skyrocket”. Upright and narrow growth habit with steely blue foliage. Prefers full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. Tolerates all well drained soils and should be watered well before planting. Height and spread of 90cm x 50cm, reaching up to 4-5m in height at maturity.

Juniperus x media “Blaauw’s”
A strong growing shrub with long ascending main branches and shorter outer branches. Initially vase shaped, with branches closing in over time. Dense, spray like dark blue/grey foliage. Often used for bonsai. Grows up to 1.5m in height.

Juniperus x media “Carberry Gold” (x pfitzeriana “Carberry Gold”)
A superb new, bright gold and semi-prostrate juniper with good ground cover. Prefers full sun and suitable for any moist, well drained soil. Slow growing, reaching a height of 60cm and spread of 2m after 10 years.

Juniperus x media “Pfitzeriana Aurea” (Golden Pfitzer Juniper)
A graceful and wide spreading conifer with light green, yellow tipped foliage in winter and vibrant gold in summer. Full sun or partial shade. Good choice as a single specimen plant on a lawn. A vigorous grower, spreading rapidly before gaining height. Reaches a spread of up to 2m after 10 years, can spread up to 4m with a height of 1.5m.

Juniperus x media “Sulphur Spray” (x pfitzeriana “Sulphur Spray”)
A bushy, semi-prostrate conifer with strongly ascending main branches. Pale yellow scale-like foliage throughout the year. Full sun or partial shade, and suitable for all well drained soils. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years, eventual height and spread of 2.5m x 2.5m.

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Picea (Spruce)

Picea bicolour var. “Acicularis”
Originates from montane forests in Japan, where it can be found at altitudes of between 1000-2000m. Rarely found in the UK. Requires a humid atmosphere and fertile, well drained soils.

Picea breweriana (Brewer’s Weeping Spruce)
A beautiful weeping spruce. Native to western North America and one of the rarest spruces in that region. Neat pyramidal growth habit with vertically pendulous branchlets that form “curtains” of foliage. Glossy dark green needle-like leaves. Prefers moist soils. Grows to a height of 2-2.5m after 10 years, eventually reaching 20-40m with a trunk diameter of 1.5m.

Picea engelmannii (Engelmann Spruce)
A tall North American spruce with a pyramidal growth habit. Very attractive gloucous needle-like foliage, green/blue in colour. Grows to heights of 25-40m, in exceptional cases 65m.

Picea glauca “J.W.Daisy’s White”
A compact, slow growing dwarf spruce with a pyramidal shape. Spring growth is an excellent creamy white which turns a light shade of green by autumn. Prefers shade to full sun, and suitable for most soils. Performs well in soils of low fertility and ideal for a North facing wall. Should be treated for red spider mite. Grows to a height of 50-90cm after 10 years with a spread of 20-40cm.

Picea glehnii (Sakhalin Spruce)
A narrow crowned tree with horizontal branches, originating from the island of Sakhalin (Russia) and Japan. Bright green needles with sharp tips. A good specimen tree, particularly when used with large scale planting. Requires moist or wet soil and not shade tolerant. Can grow to heights of up to 25-35m.

Picea koraiensis (Korean Spruce)
A rare spruce that is very closely related to Picea koyamae, with a low but stable population. Native to North Korea and Russia. Dark blue/green needle-like foliage. Some specimens have reached heights of over 30m.

Picea koyamae
A rare spruce that is considered to be endangered both in the wild (only a few hundred mature specimens are reported to exist) and in cultivation. Very closely related to Picea koraiensis. Introduced from Japan in 1914. Dark blue/green needle-like foliage. Some specimens have reached 25m in height.

Picea jezoensis (also known as Picea yezoensis)
An uncommon large conifer originating from Japan and northeast Asia. Distinct spire-like form. Dark green needle-like foliage with light blue/white undersides. Can reach 30-50m in height with a trunk diameter of 2m.

Picea jezoensis “Hondoensis”
A beautiful large spruce native to Japan. Blue/green needle-like foliage. Can reach 30-50m in height.

Picea maximowiczii (Japanese Bush Spruce)
A rarely offered spruce of Japanese origin. Dense and conical growth habit with dark green needles. Some specimens have reached heights of over 30m.

Picea omorika “Pendula” (Weeping Serbian Spruce)
An attractive narrow tree with pendulous branches. Dark green foliage (light green in spring) with a touch of silver below and a fine texture. Prefers full sunlight and well drained soils. Grows to a height of 2m after ten years and may eventually reach 9m with a spread of 4-5m.

Picea omorika “Pendula Bruns” (Brun’s Weeping Serbian Spruce)
A truly fantastic and sought after weeping spruce of German origin. Narrow and pendulous habit, forms a leader before proceeding upwards to produce a fantastic twisting sculpture. Silvery blue/green needles. Suitable for all soil types. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Picea omorika “Pimoko”
A beautiful dwarf Serbian Spruce resembling a globe in shape. Originates from a witches broom found in Germany. Bicolour foliage, blue/green with white undersides. Well suited to rockeries and bonsai cultivation. Disease resistant. Prefers moist, well drained soils and full sun. Grows to a height and spread of 40cm x 50cm after 10 years.

Picea orientalis “Aurea”
An attractive slow growing spruce with a conical form and pendulous branches, initially an irregular shaped shrub. Short glossy dark green needles with bright golden new growth in spring. A good choice as a specimen tree for smaller gardens. Full sun or partial shade. Best in an open situation but may need some protection from harsh winds. Suitable for all well drained soils. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years, eventually reaching 15-30m with a spread of 6-9m.

Picea orientalis “Skylands”
A slow growing spruce with attractive bright gold needle-like foliage all year round. Also known as “Aurea Compacta” and a good choice as a specimen tree, especially for small to medium sized gardens. Has a pyramidal growth habit. Full sun or partial shade and suitable for all soil types. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years, reaching an eventual height and spread of 11m x 2m.

Picea polita (Tigertail Spruce)
An excellent Japanese Spruce with rigid and attractive green needle-like leaves. Cylindrical red/purple cones. Can grow up to 35m in height.

Picea pungens “Corbet”
This eye catching dwarf Colorado Blue Spruce is rarely available in the UK. Forms a conical shape with blue green and steely blue foliage. Should be grown in full sunlight. Can tolerate a range of dry and moist growing conditions, but intolerant of standing water. Slow growing, reaching a height of just under 3m at maturity, with a spread of 2m.

Picea pungens “Edith”
A broad conical tree with short, thin and silvery blue needles. Often described as the best blue spruce and recommended as a superior alternative to Picea pungens “Hoopsii”. Should be sprayed for aphids in the spring. Grows up to 2m after 10 years.

Picea pungens “Fat Albert”
An excellent blue spruce variety, broad and pyramidal in shape. Forms a shapely bush with steely blue needles. Should be sprayed for aphids in the spring. Native to the western United States. Grows to 2-3m after 10 years, with an eventual height of around 5m.

Picea pungens “Iseli Fastigiate”
A narrow conical spruce originating from Oregon in the USA with bright blue needles in spring, green/blue otherwise. Drought and urban pollution tolerant. Suitable for most well draining soils and should be grown in full sunlight. Should also be sprayed for aphid and spider mite in the spring. Grows to a height of 2-3m after 10 years, and can reach 12m with a spread of 4-5m.

Picea pungens “Koster”
A compact, conical conifer with grey-green foliage. Prefers moist soils. Should be sprayed for aphid and spider mite in the spring. Grows to a height of 2-2.5m in ten years, reaching 4m at maturity with a spread of 1.5m.

Picea pungens “Lucky Strike”
A slow growing irregular conifer with dark green needles. Full sun or partial shade, suitable for all well drained soils. Produces reddish green cones.

Picea schrenkiana
A tall pyramidal spruce originating from central Asia. Dark grey-green needles and occasionally pendulous branches. Grows to 40-50m in height, some specimens have grown to 60m and more.

Picea spinulosa (Sikkim Spruce)
A superb tree with a broad pyramidal habit and graceful hanging branches. Native to the eastern Himalayas. Glossy green needle-like foliage. Grows up to 40-55m in height, although some specimens have reached 65m.

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Pinus (Pine)

Pinus cembra “Arolla Pine” (Swiss Pine)
A small to medium sized white pine originating from central Europe and north Asia. Very similar to the Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica). Long needles that are green/silvery white in colour and deep blue cones. Resistant to white pine blister rust and tolerant of extremely cold temperatures. Reaches 25-35m at maturity.

Pinus cembra “Aurea”
An excellent small upright pine. Golden yellow foliage, most vibrant in the winter months. Suitable for all well drained soils. Slow growing, reaching a height of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Pinus densiflora “Alice Verkade” (Japanese Red Pine)
A low growing dwarf pine with a round growth habit and a flat top, resembling a dome. Dense bright green needles. An excellent addition to a large rockery. Prefers full sun and light, well drained soils. Grows to a height and spread of around 1m x 1m after 10 years.

Pinus densiflora “Jane Kluis”
Also known as the Dwarf Japanese Red Pine, this low growing, flat topped and compact pine with soft medium green needles and white buds is a very attractive variety. Prefers well drained soils. Grows to a height of 1.2m after 10 years.

Pinus flexilis (Limber Pine)
A conically shaped medium-sized pine tree native to the mountains of the Western United States as well as Canada and Mexico. Attractive blue/green needles in fascicles (bundles) of five. Several specimens have been documented as being over 1,000 years old, with one in the state of Oregon estimated at over 2,000 years of age. Can grow up to 25m in height.

Pinus leucodermis “Compact Gem” (Compact Gem Bosnian Pine)
An excellent slow growing dwarf conifer with a narrow and pyramidal growth habit. Easy to grow. Long dark green needles with contrasting light coloured terminal buds, giving a fantastic overall colour. Suitable for all soils, and good on chalk. Grows to a height of 1.5-2.5m after 10 years.

Pinus leucodermis “Satellit(e)” (Satellite Bosnian Pine)
A compact and narrow dwarf tree with an upright and pyramidal growth habit. Dense clusters of very dark green needles. Suitable for all free draining soils and salt tolerant. Slow growing, reaching a height of 1.5-2.5m after 10 years, reaching up to 5m at maturity.

Pinus mugo “Carsten” (“Carsten’s Wintergold” or Gold Mountain Pine)
A compact and round bush. Green needles in summer, turning a vibrant yellow in autumn and winter. Prefers full sun and well drained soil. Fairly slow growing, reaching a height of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Pinus mugo “Humpy”
One of the smallest dwarf forms of the Mountain Pine. Light green needle-like foliage. Suitable for all well drained soils. Grows to a height of 40-60cm after 10 years.

Pinus mugo “Mops”
A compact, low growing form of mountain pine. Dark green/grey needles all year round. Full sun or partial shade. Prefers well-drained soil and suitable for rockeries. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Slow growing, reaching a spread of around 90-120cm after 10 years.

Pinus mugo “Ophir”
An excellent small compact bush with attractive golden yellow tipped, green needle-like foliage. Dense round growth habit. Prefers full sun and all moist, well drained soils. Well suited to rockeries and fountain planting. Grows to a spread of 90-120cm after 10 years, with a height of up to 80cm at maturity.

Pinus mugo “Pal Maleter”
A compact bush with green, yellow-tipped needles that are more vibrant in the winter. Suitable for all soil types. Grows to a spread of 1-1.5m after 10 years.

Pinus nigra Black Prince
Round, compact and low growing bush with dense, dark green foliage. Dwarf form of the Black Pine, prefers well drained soils. Grows to a height and spread of around 1.2m x 1.2m.

Pinus parviflora “Bonnie Bergman”
A compact spreading bush with dense, twisted and glossy silvery blue/green needles. A good choice for a pot or bonsai cultivation. Produces red cones in summer. Suitable for all well drained soils. Prefers full sun or partial shade. Grows to a height and spread of approx. 1m after 10 years.

Pinus parviflora “Goldilocks” (Goldilocks White Pine)
A stunning rare conifer, long blue/green needles with gold tips. Originates from Japan. Sweeping growth habit and a fine foliage texture, an excellent choice as an accent plant as well as hedging. Requires a balance between full sun and partial shade if possible for best colour. Suitable for all well drained soils. Grows to a height and spread of around 2m x 2m after 10 years, reaching 2.5m x 2.5m at maturity.

Pinus parviflora ”Templehof” (Japanese White Pine)
A medium sized evergreen conifer with an attractive upright and open habit. Blue/green needles with white undersides in groups of five. Suitable for all well drained soils and prefers full sun or partial shade. Grows to height of around 1.8m after 10 years.

Pinus strobus “Blue Shag” (Eastern White Pine)
A fantastic dwarf conifer with a compact round form. Dense soft silvery blue/green needles. Suitable for small gardens and containers. Similar to “Mugo” but considered superior.  Prefers neutral or acidic well drained soils and full sunlight. Slow growing, reaching a height and spread of 1-1.5m after 10 years

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Pinus sylvestris “Aurea”
A golden version of the Scots Pine, this slow growing small tree has thick green needles in the summer which turn an impressive golden colour in the winter. Prefers moist soils. Grows to a height of 2m after 10 years.

Pinus sylvestris “Bonna”
An upright and vigorous Scots Pine with excellent long, soft silvery blue needles. Orange-brown exfoliating bark. An excellent choice as a large specimen tree. Suitable for all well drained soils and full sun. Fast growing, reaching heights of up to 3-5m after 10 years.

Pinus sylvestris “Chantry Blue”
An attractive, medium-sized compact tree with a round habit and blue needles. Probably the best blue Scots Pine. Grows to around 2-2.5m (6-8ft) after 10 years, ultimately reaching between 5-7m (16-23 ft) in height. Prefers well-drained soils and full sun or partial shade.

Pinus sylvestris “Fastigiata”
A slow growing Scots Pine with a very narrow columnar form. Grey-blue foliage with orange-brown bark. Suitable for all well drained soils and prefers full sun. Hardy to -50C. Grows to a height of 2.5-3m after 10 years.

Pinus sylvestris “Gold Coin”
An excellent form of Scots Pine with dense light green foliage which turns a brilliant gold in winter, probably the brightest of all winter-gold pines. Dwarf conifer with an upright and pyramidal growth habit. Suitable for all well drained soils and prefers full sun. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Slow growing, reaching a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Pinus sylvestris “Inverleith” (Inverleith Dwarf Scots Pine)
A smaller form of Scots Pine with an upright pyramidal form. Grey-green needles with a hint of blue and streaked with a creamy white. Suitable for all well drained soils and prefers full sun. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Pinus sylvestris “Spaan’s Slow Column”
A semi dwarf conifer with a narrow pillar-like form and dense blue-green foliage with slightly twisted needles. A good choice as a small specimen plant or for a large container. Very hardy, to -50C. Similar to “Fastigiata”, its parent plant. Slow growing, with a growth rate of around 15cm per year. Grows to a height of 1.5-2m after 10 years.

Pinus thunbergii “Ogon”
A medium to large sized pyramidal pine with a broad upright form and horizontal branches. Long needles which are a rich golden yellow all year round (“ogon” is the Japanese word for “gold”). Should be grown in full sun for best colour. Suitable for all well drained soils. Grows to a height and spread of around 1.5m x 1m after 10 years, and can reach up to 4-5m in height.

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Taxus (Yew)

Taxus baccata (English Yew)
A fairly slow growing conifer with dark green needle like foliage. Suitable for most well drained soils, well suited to chalk. Should be watered thoroughly before planting. A good choice for hedging. Toxic if eaten (various parts of the plant including foliage and fruit). Drought and pollution tolerant. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 2-2.5m after 10 years, with a spread of around 1m.

Taxus baccata R19 (Common Yew)
An evergreen conifer with a broad and conical shape. Narrow leaves, dark green in colour. Produces cones. Prefers full sun or partial shade. Toxic if eaten. Grows to 10-20m in height, spread of 8-10m.

Taxus baccata “Fastigiata Aurea” (Golden Irish Yew)
A neat and attractive slow growing conifer with a compact and upright growth habit. Green needles with strong gold tips. Prefers full sun and a moist, well drained soil. Grows more tightly than other yews. Ideal for use as a specimen plant or to add height to a mixed border. Grows to a height of around 1m after 10 years.

Taxus baccata “Fatigiata Aureo-marginata” (Variegated Irish Yew)
A slow growing, upright conifer that has green needles with creamy yellow edging. A good choice as an accent plant or hedging. Can produce red berries. The needles, bark and seeds are poisonous. Prefers a moist, slightly acidic soil and full sun or partial shade. Grows to a height of 1-2m after 10 years.

Taxus baccata “Fastigiata Robusta” (Irish Yew)
A slow growing, upright and broad conifer with dark green needles and small red cones in autumn. An excellent accent plant, well suited to chalk and most other soil types. Toxic if eaten. Grows to a height of 1.5-2.5m after 10 years, with a maximum height of 9m and a spread of 3m.

Taxus baccata “Standishii”
A striking, medium sized upright yew with bright golden yellow/orange foliage. Suitable for any well drained soils and tolerates full sun and shade. Bushy growth habit. Particularly well suited to rockeries, borders and containers. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Can produce bright red berries which are toxic if eaten. Slow growing, reaching a height and spread of 1-1.25m x 30cm after 10 years, and 1.5-3m x 60cm at maturity.

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Miscellaneous Conifers (Cedrus, Metasequoia, Thuja and more)

Cedrus atlantica “Glauca” (Blue Cedar)
A beautiful tree with sweeping blue-grey foliage. A good specimen tree, especially for lawns. Suitable for all well drained soils. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of around 4-5m after 10 years.

Cedrus atlantica “Glauca Pendula” (Weeping Atlantic Cedar)
An unusual conifer that catches the eye. Wide spreading with branches that reach the ground and light blue needles. Slow growing and requires training to give the initial height. Suitable for all well drained soils and prefers full sun, but tolerates partial shade. Grows to around 3m in height with a spread of around 6m, though this depends on how the plant is trained and may be larger.

Cedrus brevifolia (Cyprus Cedar)
A rare species; fairly slow growing, producing a medium sized tree with an initially narrow habit. Grey/green needles and silvery grey fissured bark. Grows to a maximum height and spread of 25m x 12m.

Cryptomeria japonica “Elegans”
A tall upright tree, pyramidal in shape. Dense feathery foliage, blue-green in colour during spring before turning green in summer/autumn and red/brown in winter. Prefers moist soils. Grows to a height of 3-4m after 10 years, eventually reaching a maximum height of 10m with a spread of 6m.

Cryptomeria japonica “Elegans Compacta”
A medium-growing, compact and conical shrub. Dense, dark green foliage (with a touch of purple in winter) and bronze coloured bark. Produces brown female cones and best planted in deep, rich and slightly acidic soils. Native to Japan. Grows to a height of 2-3m after 10 years, with a maximum height of 2-4m.

Cupressus (arizonica var.) glabra “Blue Ice” (Smooth Arizona Cypress “Blue Ice”)
A popular and fast growing coniferous tree. Striking, unique and dense steely blue foliage. Compact and narrow habit, conical in shape. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 3-4m after 10 years, reaching up to 15m in height with a spread of 4m at maturity.

Ginkao Biloba c. Maidenhair
The only surviving species of an ancient group of trees older than the dinosaurs, this tree is known throughout the world for its medicinal qualities. Upright deciduous tree with interesting green/yellow fan-shaped needles (so wide and thin that they resemble leaves), which turn a vibrant golden colour in the Autumn. Slow growing, hardy and tolerates a wide variety of soils. Grows to 2.5-3m in 10 years, with some specimens eventually reaching heights of up to 40m.

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Metasequoia gly. “Goldrush”
A lovely golden form of Dawn Redwood. Delicate golden leaves throughout the summer, turning vibrant orange and gold in autumn. Thin conical form. Prefers moist soils, and thus ideal for planting near water. Slow growing, to a height and spread of 5m x 1.5m after 10 years, and can reach great heights of up to 60m.

Metasequoia gly. “Dawn Redwood”
An unusual deciduous conifer that is highly rewarding to plant for the future. Originates from China and has existed for millions of years. Large green feathery leaves which turn gold in autumn. Good ornamental and aesthetic value. Grows quickly, and can reach heights of up to 60m. Height and spread after 10 years of 6m x 2m.

Microbiota Decussata (£7.95)
A low spreading conifer with rich dark green foliage and a fine texture in summer, bronze in winter. Full sun or partial shade, performs well in exposed areas and must have well draining soil, preferably moist. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Fairly slow growing with a spread of 1.5-2m after 10 years and a height of around 30cm.

Sciadopitys verticillata (Japanese Umbrella Pine or Koyamaki)
A truly unique Japanese conifer, this “living fossil” is the only member of its family and genus and has no close living relatives. It is thought to have existed for over 230 million years. Columnar growth habit with dense dark green foliage and peeling red/brown bark. Requires lime-free soil and best suited to partial shade. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Slow growing, reaching a height of 1.5-5.5m after 10 years, with a maximum height and spread of 20m x 8m.

Thuja occidentalis “Rheingold” (Rheingold White Cedar)
A very popular medium-sized conifer. Pyramidal growth habit, becoming wider at the base over time. The foliage has a warm golden colour that mellows in winter with hints of orange and bronze. A good choice as a specimen plant and well suited to containers. Prefers full sun and suitable for all well drained soils. Water well before planting. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of 1-2m after 10 years with a spread of around 1-1.5m.

Thuja occidentalis “Smaragd”
Also known as the Emerald Cedar, this popular variety forms a cone shaped shrub that is emerald green in colour all year round. An excellent choice as a focal point and suitable for containers or hedging. Contact with skin may cause mild irritation. RHS Award of Garden Merit. Grows to a height of up to 3m after 10 years, with a final height of around 5m (although some plants may grow up to 8m).

Thuja occidentalis “Sunkist”
A slow growing medium-sized conical bush with dense and aromatic golden yellow foliage tinged with bronze and orange in the winter. Pyramidal growth habit. Suitable for all well drained soils. Well suited to smaller gardens. Grows to a height of 1-1.5m with a spread of 60cm-1m after 10 years.

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